Seventh Crusade (1248-1250)

Disastrous French people crusade, led by Louis IX, a response to the deprivation of Jerusalem (1244) to the Moslems for the concluding time. The crusade was aspired at Egypt, the briny Muslim power in the region. Louse sailed in 1248, wintered on Cyprus, before acting against Damietta at the mouth of the Nile, which they absorbed with ease at the start of June, doing a scare amongst the Egyptian army. Even so, Louis then decided to wait till the autumn to annul the heat of summer, and the inundation of the Nile, but this delay was of more reward to Sultan Malik-al-Salih, who before his death lately in the year was able to bushel the effectiveness of his regular army.

The Crusaders tardily processed toward Cairo, but were arrested near Mansura, on the Ashmoun Canal, at the same aim where the Fifth Crusade had strike a halt. The Egyptians had about 70,000 men, as the crusade had only started with 60,000. For two months the two armies faced each other crosswise the canal, Louis assaying to build up a causeway, as the Egyptians merely dug away the far bank, broadening the canal. The impasse was bettered by the battle of Mansura (8 February 1250). Using a crossing four miles up the canal, Louis brought off to get his cavalry crossed the river. The Egyptians were completely surprised, but the commander of the advance defend, Louis’s brother Robert of Artois, disobeyed his arranges, which were simply to adjudge the canal bank contrary the causeway till the chief body of the army dismissed. Instead, he accused into the town of Mansura, and was killed along with all but of his cavalry. Louis now ascertained himself confronted with the entire foe army, and only the eventual reaching of the infantry across a improvised bridge forbade his death or appropriate.

The crusaders at once had a bridgehead crosswise the canal, but were too attenuate to hold it, and Louis was forced to order a retreat back to Damietta. Through March 1250 his army backed away under blackjack, until the Egyptians were prepare to attack. At last, at the battle of Fariskur (6 April 1250), the Egyptians broke the French foot, now being the vast majority of the crusaders. Louis was captured, and only brought out in May after agreeing to pay a 800,000 gold livre redeem. While the few continuing crusaders came back to France, Louis navigated to Acre wherever he absorbed in four years of bootless diplomacy, before eventually deserting the crusade and coming back to France.

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One Response to “Seventh Crusade (1248-1250)”

  1. The Ninth Crusade « The Crusades Says:

    […] – Seventh Crusade (1248-1250) […]

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