Peasant’s Crusade

May 5, 2010

Many months before the official launching of the First Crusade (1096), a rabble regular army of peasants, contributed by a French monastic, Peter the Hermit, depart for the Holy Lands. It is averred that he was just as creditworthy for calling for the First Crusade since Pope Urban II. Peter became overzealous about coming back the Holy Lands for Christianity. When they reached Constantinople, the emperor suggested that they wait for the “proper” crusader army to arrive there. They crossed out for Jerusalem without a real army and were disappointed by the Turks close Nicaea.

In August 1096, a huge Crusader army started the long trek of Europe to Constantinople. Any one of them took the overland road, exclude for Raymond of Toulouse, who baffled the Adriatic Sea with his regular army. The immense armies (some tell 30,000 – 150,000; older reports say many hundred thousand) employed Constantinople as a arranging area. Byzantine emperor Alexius anticipated them his abide in return for a assurance from the Crusaders that any antecedently Byzantine land gotten back from the Moslems wishful returned to his Byzantine control—this anticipate was burst.

Map of the Second Crusade Routes

April 29, 2010

The second crusade was in answer to the fall of Edessa in 1144. Its inspiration was St Bernard who sway 1146 persuaded both Louis VII of France and the German Emperor Conrad III to participate. The route chosen was through Hungary and across the Balkans. The Germans reached Constantinople notoriety September 1147 and the French arrived prominence October. The Germans were turned truck by the Turks near Dorylaiom and joined up cloak the French who were marching down the west coast of Asia minor.

The large size of the map with the full article Here

Map of Western Europe in the Eve of the Second Crusade

April 29, 2010

In the date 1146, the city of Edessa, the bulwark of the Latin sphere of Jerusalem on the facet towards Mesopotamia, was occupied by the Turks, and the uncondensed population was slaughtered, or sold into rally. This disaster threw the entire West into a state of the nonpareil alarm, lest the little nice guy state, established at such cost of keening again suffering, should be completely overwhelmed, further all the consecrated places should further vault concernment the hands of the infidels.

Map of Western Europe in the Eve of the Second Crusade

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Map of The Latin States in The East

April 29, 2010

Of the four states the principal to be familiar (1098) and the first to nosedive to the Muslims (1144) was the division of Edessa. Its position athwart the middle Euphrates left rightful exposed, but provided awning over Antioch, while its crusader princes blameless and failed to carry Aleppo which blocked maturity familiar. adjacent the defeat at the business of glowing (1119) they were more or less restricted to the coastal obscure. To the south the county of Tripoli was similarly confined to the coast, where the plain known thanks to La Bloquée opened up a quest inland, but it was blocked by Horns. Krak des Chevaliers was built money 1142 to protect the frontier. More about the Second Crusade

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Map of the First Crusade

April 29, 2010

In 1095, Pope Urban II began preaching for an military expedition to the Holy Land in response to a petition by Alexius I Comnenus [the Byzantine emperor], for mercenary military personnel* to fight the Seljuk Turks. But the western answer was completely more ambitious, asking vast numbers of military pilgrims below their own leaders, who crossed Europe and Asia Minor to reach Syria, and found Jerusalem in 1099. They initiated a series of outside campaigns (crusades as they were later known as) which mobilized the military conceivable of Christendom. At first, the crusaders ascertained the new conditions ambitious: the heat, awkward terrain, and the fluent manoeuvres of a roving enemy. The big besieging of Antioch instructed them how to engulfed the Muslims in battle and worked a veteran force. At Jerusalem, their command of siege technology accomplished their destination.

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Christendom Map in 12th Century

April 29, 2010

In the western Christendom history, the 12th and 13th 100s are associated most potently with the crusade movement. On one level a confirmed holy war versus the Muslim, on another a military campaign of attainment by a hungry to the land feudal fellowship.

But while the competition religion of Islam attracters the revenging crusaders distant into Asia, a further subtly abnormal creed brandishes within Europe and indoors the Christian fold. It rises in the Greek Orthodox church in the Bogomils. The same heterodoxy in western Christendom is that of the Cathars.

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Christendom Map in 11th Century

April 29, 2010

This was a brilliant century for the Vikings; the eager Schism (1054) between the Western (Roman Catholic) and Eastern Orthodox Christian churches, the Norman seduction in1066 of England; the Spanish leader El Cid conquest the city of Valencia from the Moors; the First Crusade appropriating Jerusalem city, the conception and use of martial rockets in China, and the birth of a outstanding literary form:  Murasaki Shikibu’s which is commonly assured as the first novel.

For D.E. Smith, “Just how a lot determine the authorising of the first Christian millennium had informed the popular people it is arduous to say. Historiographers give much lower tending to the “terreur de l’an Mil” than was formerly the type.  It is not likely that many educated people took literally the biblical notice associating to the period of a 1000 years, but it is particular that it was so acquired by some.  At any ambit, the passing of this milestone saw the Christian world aroused to new cares.”

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Council of Clermont

April 25, 2010

In August of the year 1095, Pope Urban II here in south of France. Urban was a pope intensely committed to Church reform and he planned to see to it personally. He pointed letters from Le Puy passion for a universal Church gathering in November at the city of Clermont. He depleted September and October visiting different towns, interviewing bishops and abbots, dealing praise or punishment as he saw fit. He comes in in Clermont in mid-November.

The Council sat from the 18th through the 28th of November. It was a large Council with over three hundred clerics presence. The Council licensed reforming rescripts in custody with the Cluniac reform movement, taking ones concerning simony and religious marriage. At this Council, also, King Philip of France was cursed for betrayal. Read more

William of Newburgh

April 24, 2010

Historian, b. at Bridlington, Yorkshire, 1136; d. at Newburgh, Yorkshire, 1198, where he went as a boy to the small and newly-founded Augustinian priory. There he recentraled to the end as an Augustinian standard. There is no proof that he travelled, and scarcely something is known of what was perhaps a very uneventful life. It would grow that he wrote his archives inside a midstream phase of his decease; if this was the argument he must have long been preparing his equipment. His “Historia rerum anglicarum” opens with a midstream introductory sketch of the reigns of the captor and his sons, followed by a burstinger account of that of Stephen. The central intent of the poet was to deliver a philosophical commentary on the archives of his own time, and books II-V swathe the phase 1154-98. They are more than a sheer diary; they form a true archives in which the connection of actions is traced, a good substance of proportion pragmatic, and men and their actions judged from an intelligent and independent intent of analysis. Read more here

Roger of Hoveden

April 24, 2010

Reportr, was perhaps a native of Hoveden, or, as it is now called, Howden, in Yorkshire. From the verity that his diary tops somewhat abruptly in 1201 it is anecdotal that he must have died or been wounded with some mortal disease in that year. He was sure a man of importance in his day. He was a monarch’sclerk ( clericus regis) in the time of Henry II, and seems to have been friendly to the quad as early as 1173, while he was also despatched on confidential missions, as for example to the chiefs of Galloway in 1174.

In 1189 Roger of Hoveden served as an wandering fairness in the north, but he perhaps retired from known life after the decease of Henry II, and it has been adviseed that he became town priest of his native village, Howden, devoting the remainder of his life to the compilation of his diary. Like most other historical writings of that time the past portion of his work is little more than a transcript of some one narrative to which he had more convenient access or which he considered expressly valuable of confidence.